BURSA CUMALIKIZIK AND İZMİR BERGAMA ARE ON THE UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST
Posted on June 27, 2014
In the 38th session of the World Heritage Committee Meeting held in the National Congress Centre in Doha, the Capital City of Qatar, Bursa and Cumalıkızık: The Birth of the Ottoman Empire and İzmir Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape from Turkey decided to be inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage list.
In accordance with 1972 Convention, which has 191 member states, concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage; Historic Areas of Istanbul, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, Hattusha: the Hittite Capital, Mount Nemrut, Xanthos-Letoon, Archeological site of Troy, Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, Hierapolis-Pamukkale, City of Safranbolu, Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex and Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük from Turkey have been enlisted as the World Heritage so far. With this important decision, Bursa Cumalıkızık and İzmir Bergama (Pergamon) have been added to the list having 11 sites previously. Therefore, the number of cultural and mixed properties in the World Heritage List has risen up to 13.
Bursa which is the first capital city of Ottoman Empire and comprises many historical artifacts belonging to the foundation of the Empire, becomes prominent with its industry and natural beauties. It is striking that the village of Cumalıkızık that has 700 year history has preserved its housing structure until recently. Bursa and Cumalıkızık, with its culture of commerce and continuity of rural life similar to urban, sets a good example of Ottoman vision for living. World Heritage Site “Bursa and Cumalıkızık: The Birth of the Ottoman Empire” consists of six components named Hanlar area containing Orhangazi Social Complex, the other Social Complexes of Yıldırım Beyazıd (Beyazıd the 1st.), Hüdavendigar (Murad the 1st), The Green (Mehmed the 1st), Muradiye (Murad the 2nd) and also Village of Cumalıkızık.
The other listed cultural property, that we have, is İzmir Bergama. Bergama, a gate to the history with its cultural heritage and richness, was known as Pergamon in the ancient times and considered as one of the most important culture and art centers in the Hellenistic period. Bergama, where the biggest libraries of the Hellenistic period is sited, got listed in the category of cultural landscape. Having layers from the Hellenistic, Roman, East Roman and Ottoman periods, Bergama consists of nine components named acropolis, seven tumulusus around and Kybele Holy Site.
Having a unique potential with its historical and cultural wealth, Turkey has in total 52 cultural properties, consisting of 49 in the cultural, 2 in the mixed (cultural/natural) and 1 in the natural categories, in UNESCO’s Tentative List of World Heritage.